Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) and Occupational Therapists (OTs) have integral roles in the school setting to promote efficient and effective outcomes for students through evidence-based interventions. The objective of SLP and OT services in the school setting is to provide the student a means for more successful performance of educational activities. Goals are to facilitate the individual student’s capacity to achieve at his/her highest level of functioning.
Each intervention is guided by the student’s individual educational program (IEP).
Speech and Language services are provided to students who have been identified as requiring Special Education services for speech, language, and/or communication needs. OT is considered a related services in the educational setting and is provided to students who qualify for these services in order to benefit from Special Education services.
Build self-advocacy and self-determination skills. Enhance student performance to better access the curriculum.
Data collection and analysis
Staff training, as indicated
Collaboration: work as part of an interdisciplinary team to meet students' needs. Team includes other school professionals, families, students, collateral agencies, and/or community members, as deemed appropriate.
Work across all age groups, including Elementary, Middle School, High School, Vocational, and Transitions
Serve a wide range and variety of diagnoses. SLPs serve those including those involving receptive and expressive language, speech sound disorders (articulation and phonological processing), cognitive-communication, fluency, voice/resonance, and pragmatic language. OTs focus on fine and visual motor, self-help and sensory skills
Provide individualized direct treatment and indirect consultation services to qualifying students based on their IEP
Support academic achievement, educational relevance, and social participation by addressing personal, social/emotional, academic, physical, and vocational needs that have an impact on attainment of educational goals
Development and revision of student IEPs and participation in IEP and other team meetings
Provide screenings and comprehensive assessments to qualifying students as requested by school districts, parents, or during IEP reevaluation periods
Work with teachers, school staff, and families to identify students who may benefit from speech/language and/or OT services
Refer and recommend students for additional services or assessment
Participate in the development and monitoring of behavior plans
Collaborate to lead weekly classroom skills groups in elementary classrooms addressing the following skill areas: self-regulation, social skills, fine-motor skills, social participation, emotional regulation, and sensory coping strategies
Treat students with a wide range of diagnoses/disorders, including: learning disabilities, developmental delays, traumatic brain injuries, genetic disorders, hearing loss, auditory processing disorder, cleft lip/palate, cerebral palsy and other motor problems, epilepsy, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Highlight language and literacy — Current research supports the interrelationships across the language processes of listening, speaking, reading, and writing
Promote ability to appropriately express wants and needs and to self-advocate when necessary
Identify the level of support and accommodations needed to effectively access curriculum, participate in testing, and engage in social settings